Stages of Periodontal Disease
The health of your mouth is closely linked to the health of the rest of your body. In fact, studies have shown increased risks of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke in patients with gum disease. We take these risks very seriously and pay close attention for signs of gum disease during your appointments.
The earliest stage of gum disease, known as gingivitis, is marked by red, swollen gums. It’s often difficult to tell on your own if your gums are swollen, but if you notice that your gums are bleeding when you brush or floss, let us know. This can be a sign that you need a deep cleaning, a great treatment for gingivitis. We also recommend a better at-home dental hygiene routine as part of your periodontal disease treatment at this stage.
If you develop gingivitis and it isn’t addressed, the gum tissue will begin to separate from the teeth and form pockets between the teeth and gums. Infections develop in these pockets and you develop advanced gum disease, known as periodontitis. Bone and gum loss are common at this stage, and we may even need to extract teeth that become loose. Treatment of gum disease at this stage includes oral surgery, laser treatment, and other options.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Gums that are red, swollen, and inflamed
- Bleeding that occurs when you brush, floss, or chew hard foods
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Sores in your mouth
- Bad breath or a constant metallic taste
If any of these symptoms present suddenly, call our office so we can get you in for an appointment and take a look at what’s going on. If we determine that you have gum disease, we can often start you on a treatment plan right away and begin to reverse the effects quickly.
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